Schematic of the system boundary for modeling hydrogen delivery and refueling cost

For over a decade, with support from U.S. Department of Energy, Fuel Cell Technologies Office, Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) has been at the forefront of modeling hydrogen delivery and refueling. Argonne developed a variety of techno-economic and thermodynamic models to estimate hydrogen delivery and refueling costs.

For modeling purposes, hydrogen “delivery” is defined as the entire process of delivering hydrogen from the gate of a central production plant into a vehicle’s tank. Thus, “delivery” includes all transport, storage, packaging, and refueling activities. The fueling station stores, further conditions the hydrogen, and dispenses it into the vehicle’s tank.

ANL developed the Hydrogen Refueling Station Analysis Model (HRSAM) for light-duty fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) refueling, the Heavy-Duty Refueling Station Analysis Model (HDRSAM ) for heavy-duty fuel cell electric vehicle fleet refueling, and the Hydrogen Delivery Scenario Analysis Model (HDSAM) for light-duty fuel cell electric vehicle delivery. These models are publicly available for download and use, with a wide user base spanning academic institutions, government agencies, as well as energy and gas companies.